Pregnancy shifts your center of gravity. As a result, you may subtly, and without realizing, adjust your posture to account for the weight of the baby. This will affect your posture, your spine and the muscles supporting your spine, putting more stress on them.
3.) Hormonal changes. During pregnancy, the woman's pelvic bones become more elastic, and shift to allow more space for the baby. The pelvis and sacrum of the lower back become more flexible and thus, less stable, causing more lower back, pelvic and hip discomfort and pain.
4.) Anterior Pelvic Tilt. Due to the extra 25-30 pounds of the baby, the pelvis is pulled at a forward and downward tilt, and the lower back begins to curve inward. This will subside post-delivery, but may not go away entirely. Safe core and lower back strengthening exercises from your doctor or physical therapist may be necessary.
Things you can do to reduce your back pain:
1) Safe exercises such as swimming, walking, or stationary cycling.
2.) Applying heat and cold to your back may help
3.) Acupuncture, chiropractic
4.) Prenatal Massage
Prenatal massage is a great, safe way to relieve your back pain. Many massage businesses will refuse to massage pregnant women who are in their first trimester, due to higher risks of complications or miscarriage and they don't want to be held liable.
The safest positions for a pregnant woman during massage are on her back or on her side. It is recommended for pregnant women to avoid sleeping on their backs during the 2nd and 3rd trimester.
The position of sleeping on their backs rests the entire weight of the baby on their back, intestines and vena cava, the main vein that carries blood back to the heart from the lower body.
In prenatal massage, with proper draping, the massage therapist has access to the entire back to work on while the woman is laying on her side, completely covered with the sheet except her back, and with a pillow between her knees for extra comfort.
If you are a pregnant woman who is in need of a prenatal massage from a licensed massage therapist who has experience in Prenatal Massage, check out my services page here.
I hope you learned something from this article. Let me know if you enjoyed it!